What are the Signs of Pneumonia?
Early Signs of Pneumonia
Pneumonia is a severe and very frequent disease which affects one of each one hundred people every year. There are different types of pneumonia which can be caused by a variety of micro-organisms; the severity of the disease can go from mild to critic. The cases of pneumonia can be classified in two big groups: acquired on the community and pneumonias acquired on the hospital.
There are syndromes included on the cases of pneumonia which vary according the origin of the disease or the causative micro-organism since many of them tend to be more resilient.
Pneumonia for aspiration: It is produced as a result of the aspiration of gastric content on the lungs. There can be found cases of loss of consciousness and faints.
Bacterial Pneumonia caused by other organism but the pneumococcus: Most of the cases of pneumonia are caused by pneumococcus, however there other bacteria which can produce potential complications, some of them include the Coxiella burnetti, Klebsiella pneumoniæ, Chlamidia psittachi and the Mycoplasma pneumoniæ.
The diagnosis is made through the clinical picture, chest radiography and laboratory cultures that provide insight into what is the germ that causes sickness and sensitivity to common antibiotics. You can get blood cultures (blood), sputum (sputum or respiratory secretions), pleural fluid if the pneumonia is associated with stroke.
- High fever and headaches, one of the main symptoms of pneumonia is the high fever which is accompanied by cold and croup, the headaches intensity can vary from mild to severe.
- Difficulty breathing, rapid shallow breathing.
- Chest pain or back pain as muscle pain and joint pain, sometimes the chest pain can be preceded by a breathing difficulty; this condition is known as pleuritis and constitutes the inflammation of the membrane that covers the lungs.
- Coughing up phlegm yellow-green or sometimes dry cough, it can also be accompanied by a purulent expectoration.
- Extreme tiredness, weakness, lack of appetite and a general malaise.
- Thoracic pain which is increased when the person coughs or breathes.
- Other indications of pneumonia in adults include vomits, nausea and a sensation of lethargy.
Pneumococcal pneumonia can be life threatening, especially if the infection reaches the blood, a fact that occurs in one third of cases, or nervous system causing meningitis. Mortality is between five percent and fifteen percent in developed countries, being higher in the social contexts of limited resources. If the pneumonia is complicated by pneumococcal meningitis, the mortality exceeds 40% or you can leave permanent sequelae.
Pneumonia, pneumococcal disease and is treated with antibiotics. Self-medication is not appropriate; it initiates the disease present unusual way delaying the diagnosis and greater resistance to antibiotics. Remember, vaccination is the best way to prevent invasive pneumococcal disease.
The diagnosis is made through the clinical picture, chest radiography and laboratory cultures that provide insight into what is the germ that causes sickness and sensitivity to common antibiotics. You can get blood cultures (blood), sputum (sputum or respiratory secretions), and pleural fluid if the pneumonia is associated with stroke.